International Accreditation Authority
International Accreditation Authority


International Accreditation Authority

Ayurveda Doctor (A.D.)

Now we have 3 options of choosing Ayurveda Doctor (A.D.) curriculum:

1. World Health Organization - WHO - Benchmark training in Ayurveda - Document  

2. Doctor of Naturopathy (N.D.) training model 5000 hours training - Document

3. Acupuncture training model - 2815 hours training- Document

Approximate tuition: $100,000 (100 K)  including India clinical training + accommodation, books etc.

Duration: 4 years (8 semesters)

Some of the clinical rotation and training will be in India

Our world class faculty will finalize the curriculum based on above mentioned 3 models of training.

Our faculty members consists of Medical Doctors (MD), Ostopathic Doctors (DO), Naturopathic Doctors (ND), BAMS, MDAyurved, PhDAyurved.

Clinical rotation and internship in India at the following ayurveda colleges and hospitals:

1. SDM College of Ayurveda & Hospital

Bangalore-Mangalore Road

Hassan, Pin: 573201, Karnataka State, India

2. KLE's BMK Ayurvedic College and Hospital

Shahapur, Vadgaon Road,

Belgaum, Karnataka 590003, India

3. Atreya Ayurvedic Medical College Hospital & Research Center

Kakkali Road, Kodigehalli Post,

Doddaballapura, Pin:561203

Bengaluru, Karnataka State, India

4. Sreedhareeyam Ayurvedic Eye Hospital & Research Center Pvt. Ltd.
Nelliakkattu Mana, Kizhakombu P.O.
Koothattukulam, Pin: 686 662, Ernakulam Dist,
Kerala, India

Benchmarks for training in traditional / complementary and alternative medicine
Benchmarks for Training in Ayurveda
3000 hours training (2500 hours classroom & 500 hours practicum / internship)

These are the outlines of ayurvedic training can be used as benchmarks to orient training program, examinations and licensing systems for Ayurvedic doctors. Training for Ayurveda doctors should take into consideration who is to be trained; what the roles and responsibilities of the future ayurvedic doctors will be; and what level of education would be required in order to undertake training. Further consideration should be given to the content of the training, the way training is to be provided and by whom. In order to regulate the practice of Ayurveda therapy and prevent practice by unqualified practitioners, a proper system of examination and licensing is required.

This training program is the curriculum designed to produce Doctor of Ayurveda (D.A.)  who are qualified to practice as primary-contact and primary-care practitioners, independently or as members of a health-care team in various settings.This type of program consists of at least 2500 hours, including classroom theory and practical sessions and followed by 500 hours of internship training in an Ayurvedic clinic or hospital. Acceptable applicants for this training must have completed high school or pre-university education, or equivalent.

Learning outcomes of the Doctor of Ayurveda program
The following skills are common competencies in Ayurveda training, and could be used for another category and different types of training program as reference.

Technical skills
• understand classical Ayurveda and its applications for the promotion of health;
• diagnose and differentiate diseases/disorders according to Ayurvedic principles and techniques, and formulate an appropriate Ayurvedic treatment plan;
• gain knowledge and skills related to scientific use of medicines and application of therapeutic measures for maintenance of health and alleviation of disease;
• develop specific treatment plans based on the individual signs and symptoms of the patient;
• give nutritional, dietary and preventive medicine advice in terms of Ayurveda;
• review and monitor the health of the patient and modify treatment accordingly;
• independently acquire technical knowledge about diseases not necessarily covered by the program;
• create a database of clinical experience and research and communicate this information to other practitioners and the public;
• appreciate the expertise and scope of Ayurveda to facilitate intradisciplinary and interdisciplinary cooperation with health-care professionals;
• analyze the merits and demerits of contemporary health-care systems.

Communication skills
• apply Ayurvedic medical terminology appropriately in clinical practice;
• communicate effectively with patients, other health professionals, regulatory bodies, pharmaceutical suppliers, pharmaceutical manufacturers and the general public;
• disseminate clinical observations and findings to other professionals in accordance with ethical principles;
• provide appropriate case history and diagnostic information when referring patients to related specialists.

Skills in responsible and sustainable practice
• practice within regulatory/ethical/safety frameworks;
• identify key business issues and draw on appropriate professional resources;
• willingness to continue to learn and update knowledge.

Research and information-management skills
• understand and acquire new knowledge from Ayurvedic clinical research;
• remain informed about advances in Ayurvedic knowledge and apply that knowledge appropriately in clinical practice.

Components of Ayurvedic training

Knowledge required of this subject includes basic grammar and other exercises, translation from Sanskrit to English, and vice versa

Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to read, write and understand the shlokas in the various texts of Ayurveda (Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Ashtanga Hridaya, Ashtanga Sangraha, etc), translate them as required, and understand, apply and interpret them scientifically.

Fundamental principles of Ayurveda:
This subject covers the various schools of philosophy, including relations between the universe and the human being, ayush (life), the tripod of prakriti, purusha, and manas, the correlation between indriya (organs) and their arthas (object), limitations of sensory perception, details of nava dravya (nine kinds of primordial substances) and theories and principles of panchamahabhuta (five elements), etc.

Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to describe the philosophical concepts of ayurveda and to apply these concepts in physiology, pathology, clinical diagnosis and clinical practice.  They are also expected to demonstrate competence in diagnosis and differentiation of disorders and their management as indicated in ayurveda.

Ayurvediya sharira rachana
This includes the constitution of body according to the panchabhuta system, embryological and genetic considerations, anthropometry, various tissues, organs and vital points as described in ayurveda.

Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to describe the details of fertilization; sex determination and differentiation; organogenesis and the human body in terms of dosha, dhatu and mala; and apply these concepts in clinical diagnosis and practice.

Ayurvediya kriya sharira
This includes a detailed description of tridosha, saptadhatu (seven tissues), upadhatu (secondary tissues), mala, srotas, the 13 agni and their functions, digestion and metabolism, sensory and motor organs and the mind, and their characteristics and functions, etc.  

Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to describe the normal and abnormal states and functions of dosha, Dhatu and mala, srotas, agni and sensory and motor organs and the mind, and apply these concepts to determine prakriti (personality and temperament) in clinical diagnosis and clinical practice.


Svasthavritta (personal, social and preventive medicine), yoga and naturopathy

This covers the daily and seasonal regimen of an individual relating to: food; sleep; social, sexual and other activities; the basic concepts, components and practice of yoga; the concepts of naturopathy and methods of treatment advocated for various disorders; components of social hygiene; nutrition; measures to prevent the transmission of communicable and non-communicable diseases; national health programs and biostatistics.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to describe and apply the principles of diet, sleep, behavior, hygiene and social hygiene for healthy and sick people. In addition, they are expected to be able to describe the elements and application of yoga and naturopathy in health and illness.


Dravyaguna vigyana (pharmacology/materia medica)

This covers classification, identification, guna, karma (properties and action), therapeutic indications, formulations, clinical applications, administration, standardization, quality control and safety of ayurvedic medicines.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to: describe at least 250 commonly used plants in Ayurveda, and apply these herbs according to Ayurvedic theory, particularly with respect to selection of appropriate medicines, formulations and basic knowledge and skills in identifying raw and processed Ayurvedic herbs, including their standardization.


Rasashastra and bhaishajya kalpana (alchemy and pharmaceutical sciences)

This covers classification, identification, manufacturing processes shodhan (purification) and maran (calcination), standardization and quality control of single and compound Ayurvedic formulations, as well as pharmacotherapeutics, use of Ayurvedic mineral and metallic medicines and pharmacovigilance.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to: possess the basic knowledge and skills needed to identify processed and unprocessed metals and minerals; to manufacture, process and standardize Ayurvedic medicines; and to have a knowledge of pharmacotherapeutics.

Agada tantra and vyavahara ayurveda (toxicology and jurisprudence)

This deals with poisons and toxic substances of plant, animal, mineral and metallic origin; food poisons; incompatible foods; tests for poisonous substances and their treatment; and jurisprudence aspects of the clinical practice of Ayurveda.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to describe various poisonous substances and the tests and treatments for them, and handle jurisprudence aspects of Ayurvedic practice.


Roga nidan and vikriti vigyana (diagnostics and pathology)

This includes pathological states of dosha, dhatu, mala, agni and srotas,  pancha lakshana nidana (diagnostics); examination and assessment of Prakriti (personality and temperament); shat kriyakala; patient and disease; Ayurvedic diagnostics and differential diagnosis.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to describe the examination of the patient, pathogenesis, diagnosis and lines of treatment for common diseases.


Kayachikitsa (general medicine)

This includes: etiology; pathogenesis; clinical manifestations; disease differentiation; treatment principles and methods, and appropriate formulae for common physical and mental diseases; shodhana (purificatory) and shaman (palliative) treatments; panchakarma (five purifying procedures); theory and practice of medical psychology; psychological factors and their relevance to mental health; psychological counseling,; diagnosis and mental health promotion.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to describe the basic methods of differentiation of diseases; and to manage common internal, external and psychological ailments using Ayurvedic medicines, including the basic concepts, methods and application of panchakarma.


Shalya tantra (general surgery)

This covers: etiology; pathogenesis; clinical manifestations; disease differentiation; principles and methods of treatment of diseases due to various causes, including foreign bodies, as well as the instruments used in diagnosis and treatment. It includes special ksharasutra treatment procedures for anorectal disorders and various surgical and para-surgical procedures.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to: demonstrate the basic practical skills of sterilization and disinfection; describe the basic methods of differentiation of diseases and manage common surgical problems using Ayurvedic medicines, including application of ksharasutra and various parasurgical procedures.


Shalakya tantra (ear, nose and throat medicine, including ophthalmology and dentistry)

This includes etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, disease differentiation, principles and methods of treatment of diseases of the head, including ear, nose, throat, teeth and eye. It also covers various special methods of treatment, including kriyakalpa and other medicines.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to describe the basic methods of differentiation of diseases and address common diseases of the head using Ayurvedic medicines and procedures.


Striroga and prasutitantra (gynecology and obstetrics)

These include: etiology; pathogenesis; clinical manifestations; disease differentiation; treatment principles and methods and appropriate medical formulations for common gynecological diseases, as well as Ayurvedic methods of preconception, antenatal, perinatal and postnatal care.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to possess the knowledge and skills needed for comprehensive diagnosis and clinical management of common gynecological diseases using Ayurvedic concepts and methods, and application of Ayurvedic methods of obstetric care.


Kaumara bhritya and bala roga (paediatrics)

This covers samskara (rites associated with significant developmental milestones); care of the mother during lactation; care of the child up to 16 years of age; etiology; pathogenesis; clinical manifestations; disease differentiation; treatment principles and methods, and appropriate medical formulae for common diseases of children.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to possess the knowledge and skills needed for comprehensive care of mother and child and for the diagnosis and clinical management of common childhood diseases using Ayurvedic medicine.


Rasayana and vajikarana (promoting and rejuvenative treatments and aphrodisiacs)

These cover the basic concepts and methods of rejuvenation and care of weak and old people, and concepts and methods for managing sexual and infertility disorders.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to possess the knowledge and skills needed for care of weak and disabled people, diagnosis and clinical management of diseases of the elderly, and menopausal complaints, etc, using Ayurvedic concepts, methods and medicines.


Pathya apathya (do's and don’ts of diet and activity)

This covers the concept of ahara (diet) and its importance; ayushyakara and urjaskara ahara; importance of aharain health and disorders; ahara dravya and their properties and classification; hita avam ahita (beneficial and harmful) ahara based on doshika prakriti; foodstuffs and their action; use of shadrasa in ahara for health; vegetables and fruits and their properties; types of water and their importance in ahara; milk and milk products in health and disease; various diets; adjuvants of food; viruddha ahara, pathya and apathy ahara in various disorders – jvara, atisara,kamala, pandu, raktapitta, unmada, apasmara, prameha, madhumeha, etc; and Satmya and asatmya ahara.

Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to possess and apply appropriate knowledge and prescribe a suitable diet for the patient’s condition.

Components of western medical training

The following essential components of western medicine should be included.


Health regulations and medical ethics

This covers health regulations, medical ethics and the professional code of ethics, including principles of professional behavior and issues related to various laws and regulations pertaining to the practice of Ayurveda.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to explain the legal requirements relating to Ayurvedic practice including the relevant local health acts, legal responsibilities, standards of practice and related regulations, such as endangered-species protection. They should be able to identify and explain the ethical principles of Ayurvedic practice.


Human anatomy

Basic theory of human anatomy, including structure of the normal human body and components of body systems, the names, forms and locations of the structures of the human body and the morphological structure of every organ, as well as surface anatomy landmarks of bones, muscles and skin.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to demonstrate an understanding of the terminology of anatomy and describe the morphological structure of normal organs.


Human physiology

This covers the basic concepts and theory of physiology, major functions of human organs and systems, homeostasis, normal physiological parameters, factors influencing them and their regulation.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to demonstrate the application of measurement methods for human functional activities and basic practical skills; as well as comprehensive abilities in observing, analyzing and summarizing problems by applying theoretical knowledge.



This subject covers basic concepts, theory and terminology of pharmacology, including pharmacological actions, indications, contraindications, adverse medical reactions, medicine interactions and clinical application of the main medicines in each category.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to demonstrate an understanding of pharmaceutical mechanisms and the application of pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences in Ayurveda, the practical skills of basic laboratory methods of pharmacology and the sound application of this knowledge in order to understand the action of Ayurvedic medicines and formulate prescriptions appropriately.


Pathophysiology and medical diagnosis

This subject covers concepts and etiological factors of disease, including basic theory and concept of diseases; clinical pathology, radiology and diagnostic imaging; and clinical decision-making through comprehensive analysis of data from physical examinations and laboratory tests.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to conduct clinical interviews, obtain and analyze case histories, and undertake a range of physical examinations, in order to establish a diagnosis.



This subject covers basic concepts and principles of biochemistry, routine clinical biochemical investigations and their interpretation, the role of clinical biochemistry in diagnosis, and the literature of clinical biochemistry.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to interpret the results of routine clinical biochemistry investigations, understand the results of diagnoses, and extract and present relevant biochemical literature.


Clinical medicine

This subject covers basic knowledge and theory of internal and external medicine, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestation, diagnosis and medical treatment of common diseases, modern surgical concepts, principles and practices for managing simple surgical problems, modern medical and surgical procedures for eye and ear, nose and throat disorders, gynecology, obstetrics and pediatrics.


Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to describe and apply basic methods for diagnosis and clinical management of common internal medicine and surgical conditions. 

Components of fundamental principles of Ayurveda (including history)

  • History of Ayurveda
  • Sanskrit
  • Padartha Vigyana (Ayurvedic philosophy)
  • Rachana sharira (anatomy)
  • Kriya sharira (physiology)

Para/pre clinical components of Ayurveda
  • Rasashastra avam bhaisajya kalpana (pharmaceuticals of Ayurveda)
  • Dravyaguna (materia medica of Ayurveda)
  • Agadtantra (toxicology)
  • Vikriti vigyana (pathology) Svasthavritta and yoga (personal and social hygiene including dietetics)

Clinical components of Ayurveda
  • Kaya chikitsa (general medicine including panchakarma, rasayana and vajikarana)
  • Shalya tantra (general surgery and para surgical techniques)
  • Shalakya tantra (eyes, ears, nose, throat, and teeth)
  • Prasuti tantra avam stri roga (gynecology and obstetrics)
  • Kaumara bhritya (pediatrics)
  • Medical ethics and health regulations related to traditional medicine
  • Dissertation
Safety Issues

This section of the document outlines issues of safety, incompatibilities and contraindications considered important by the community of Ayurvedic Doctors. Please refer to other relevant WHO guidelines for general safety issues in the use of herbal medicines. The community of practitioners of Ayurveda notes that adverse events may be caused by contamination, adulteration, misidentification, inappropriate use of species and/or prescribing dosages above accepted levels.


Use of Ayurvedic medicines

A medicinal plant should never be collected from an anthill, a dirty or marshy place, gravelly land, a graveyard or a footpath. A plant infected or spoiled by fire, cold, water or any other damage should not be used for preparing a medicine. The practitioner must carefully examine the following factors in a patient before deciding on the patient’s humoral constitution and the medicine or therapy to be administered:

• dushya

• dosha

• bala (physical strength)

• kala (time)

• anala (digestion; fire)

• prakriti (general constitution)

• vaya (age)

• satva (mental strength)

• satmya (favourable factors)

• ahar (diet)

• avastha (stage of the illness)


Safe use of metals, minerals and poisonous substances

Metals, minerals and poisonous substances must be properly processed in order to be used as a medicine or in a medical formulation, i.e. shodhan for poisonous substances and shodhan and maran (wherever necessary) for metals and minerals, as improperly purified substances are likely to create toxic effects.

Adverse effects of improperly processed dravya (bhasma)

Metals and minerals for maran require specific processing in order to decrease the risk of adverse effects. Metallic and mineral medicine formulations (bhasmas) should also be subjected to the following tests for purification before administration:

• varitaratwa – should float on water;

• rekhapurnatwa – should be fine enough to fill the ridges on the surface of the fingers;

• nirutthatwa – the metal should not make an appearance in its original form after subjecting the bhasma to processing;

• nishchandratva – should be lustreless;

• nishkalanka – specifically for tamra (copper) bhasma; no green color should appear when tamra bhasma is mixed with curd or any sour substance.

Ayurvedic practitioners should warn patients when metals, minerals or poisonous substances are included in the prescription. Information regarding the use of these substances, signs of potential adverse effects and recommendations for emergency response to these adverse events should be provided.


Incompatible combinations

Medicines having opposite veerya (temperamental potency) should not be combined.

Viruddha ahar (incompatible dietary combinations) including:

• fish and milk

• meat and milk

• sour substances and milk

• salt and milk

• fruits and milk

• peas and milk

• leafy vegetables and milk

• radish leaves and jaggery

• banana with buttermilk or curd

• curd and ghee

• storage of ghee in brass containers for more than 10 days

• frying of long pepper in the same oil in which fish has been fried.


Adverse reactions and contraindications

Accidents and adverse reactions

Accidents and adverse reactions may occur if:

• plants, whether poisonous or not, are not purified before preparation of Ayurvedic medicine as per guidelines of Ayurveda;

• metals and minerals are not purified during manufacture of pharmaceutical forms; precautions necessary at the time of collection of various parts of plants are overlooked;

• the practitioner’s knowledge of poisonous species and metal-containing medicines and their dosage forms is inadequate;

• substandard or low-quality medicines are used;

• medicines are used for indications that are not approved;

• medicines are misused;

• medicines interact adversely with chemicals, other medicines and

unwholesome food;

• the provider lacks skilled knowledge of constituents of mineral origin, medicines and their dosage forms.


Contraindications in therapy

Knowledge of contraindications is just as important with respect to therapeutic measures as it is with respect to medicines. It helps to avoid exacerbating disorders and may prevent adverse effects.


Panchakarma therapy

Panchakarma is a group of five therapeutic procedures: vaman (emesis), virechan (purgation), anuvasan and  asthapan basti (evacuation enema), shirovirechan (errhine – procedure inducing nasal discharge) and  rakta mokshan (blood-letting) to evacuate vitiated doshas from the body.


For each therapy certain contraindications have been noted which need to be strictly respected if the patient is to have beneficial rather than adverse effects.

• Vamana - Should not be performed on an elderly person or person with defective vision, wasting due to chest injury, emaciation, piles, facial paralysis, convulsions, recent pregnancy, internal hemorrhage directed upwards, gastrointestinal worms, severe constipation, roughness of the body including skin, intra-abdominal swelling, anemia, abdominal disorders, jaundice or obesity.

•Virechana - Should not be performed on children, women during pregnancy and puerperium, elderly individuals or persons suffering from fatigue, fear, acute fever, poor digestion, internal haemorrhage directed downwards, rectal wounds, diarrhea, foreign bodies, consumption, hard bowel movements, thirst, indigestion, or after non unctuous enema or excessive unction.

• Asthapan basti  - Should not be given to a person whose bowels have not been evacuated (by vamana or virechana after administration of enema) as otherwise the active fraction of the medicine will not circulate.

• Shirovirechana - Should not be performed before or after intake of water, wine, poison or fatty substances, after taking meals, after a headbath, before a bath, after blood-letting, after evacuation and administration of an enema, when a person is suffering from acute coryza (rhinitis), dyspnoea or cough, or in cloudy weather other than

the rainy season, except in cases of emergency.

• Raktamokshana  - Should not be performed in persons under 16 or over 70 years of age, women  during pregnancy and puerperium, non-uncted persons, after blood-letting, after intake of Sneha and use of panchakarma, or in persons suffering from vatika disorders, indigestion, internal haemorrhage, dyspnoea, cough, diarrhoea, abdominal disorders, vomiting, anaemia or general anasarca (congestion).


Other therapies

• Snehana  - Should not be performed on a woman after premature delivery or a person having very poor or intense digestion, obesity, debilitation, diarrhea, throat  disorders, poisoning, fainting,  vomiting, anorexia, thirst, alcoholism,

kapha, amadosa or urustambha or after snuffing, enema or purgation.

• Svedana  - Should not be performed on a woman during pregnancy, menstruation or after delivery, or on an excessively obese person, debilitation, fainting, wasting due to chest injury, poisoning, alcoholism, defective vision, abdominal disorders or erysipelas, prolapsed rectum, malaise, anger, anxiety, fear, hunger, thirst,

jaundice, anaemia, cauterization in the anal region, consumption, prameha, kustha and vatarakta, after intake of milk, curd, fatty substances and honey, or after purgation.

• Anjana  - Should not be used on a fearful person, after emesis or purgation, after meals, while feeling natural urges or anger, fever, eyestrain, headache, consumption, loss of sleep, daytime sleep, indigestion or thirst, after headbath or intake of smoke or wine, after exposure to fire and sun or when sun is not visible.

• Kshara karma  - Kshara (caustic alkali) should not be used on debilitated, timid or aged people, children, people suffering from anasarca, abdominal enlargement, internal hemorrhage, advanced fever, prameha, impotence or displaced testicles, pregnant or menstruating women or women with upwards displacement of the uterus.

• Agnikarma – Agnikarma should not be performed in the autumn or summer, on a person of paittika constitution, a patient with internal hemorrhage, ruptured viscera or an un extracted foreign body, debilitated person, children, aged persons, timid persons or those with multiple wounds or contraindicated for svedana


Use of metals, minerals and poisonous substances

Metals, minerals and poisonous substances must be properly processed as prescribed in order to be used directly as a medicine or in a medical formulation, i.e. shodhan for poisonous substances and shodhan and maran (wherever necessary) for metals and minerals. Dispensers and distributors of Ayurveda should be able to understand these prescriptions and be able to verify that they are correct according to the principles and practice of Ayurveda.

The Ayurveda dispenser or distributor should also be able to refer back to the prescriber for confirmation of the prescription, when appropriate.

Dispensers and distributors of Ayurveda should be able to recognize the signs of adverse effects and know the appropriate procedure to deal with an emergency situation. A few of these adverse effects are described below:

• burning sensation

• constipation

• pain and burning in abdomen

• restlessness

• giddiness and syncope

• vomiting

• loss of strength, vigor, libido

• poor shine of the skin

• brightness of the eyes and general health

• skin diseases and other conditions.


Dispensers and distributors of Ayurveda should warn patients when metals, minerals or poisonous substances are included in the prescription. Information regarding the use of these substances, signs of potential adverse effects and recommendations for the appropriate emergency response in the event of adverse effects, should be provided\

Selected Medicinal Plants
  1. Agaru  - Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.
  2. Agastya - Sesbania grandiflora (Linn.) (Linn.) Pers.
  3. Agnimantha - Premna integrifolia Linn.
  4. Agaru - Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.
  5. Agastya - Sesbania grandiflora (Linn.) Pers.
  6. Agnimantha - Premna integrifolia Linn.
  7. Ahiphena - Papaver somniferum Linn.
  8. Ajagandha - Gynandropsis gynandra (Linn.)
  9. Ajamoda - Apium leptophyllum (pers)
  10. Akarakarabha - Anacyclus pyrethrum DC.
  11. Aksoda - Juglans regia Linn.
  12. Amalaki - Emblica officinalis Gaertn.
  13. Amlavetasa - Garcinia pedunculata Roxb.
  14. Amra - Mangifera indica Linn.
  15. Apamarga Achyranthes aspera Linn.
  16. Aragvadha Cassia fistula Linn.
  17. Aralu Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.
  18. Arjuna Terminalia arjuna W&A
  19. Arka Calotropis procera (Ait), R.Br.
  20. Asana Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.
  21. Asoka Saraca asoca (Roxb) De.Wilde
  22. Asthi samhari Cissus quadrangularis Linn.
  23. Asvagandha Withania somnifera Dunal
  24. Asvattha Ficus religiosa Linn.
  25. Atasi Linum usitatissimum Linn.
  26. Atibala Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sw.
  27. Ativisha Aconitum heterophyllum Wall.
  28. Atmagupta Mucuna prurita Hook.
  29. Babbula Acacia arabica Willd.
  30. Bakuci Psoralea corylifolia Linn.
  31. Bakula Mimusops elengi Linn.
  32. Bala Sida cordifolia Linn.
  33. Bhallataka Semecarpus anacardium Linn. f.
  34. Bharangi Clerodendrum serratum (Linn.) Moon.
  35. Bhrngaraja Eclipta alba Hassk.
  36. Bhurja Betula utilis D. Don
  37. Bibhitaka Terminalia belerica Roxb.
  38. Bilva Aegle marmelos Corr.
  39. Bimbi Coccinia indica W & A.
  40. Bola Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl.
  41. Brahmi Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pannel.
  42. Brhati Solanum indicum Linn.
  43. Canaka Cicer arietinum Linn.
  44. Candrasura Lepidium sativum Linn.
  45. Cangeri Oxalis corniculata Linn.
  46. Cavya Piper chaba Hunter
  47. Cirabilba Holopteleaintegrifolia Planch.
  48. Citraka Plumbago zeylanica Linn.
  49. Dadima Punica granatum Linn.
  50. Danti Baliospermum montanum Muell-Arg.
  51. Darbha Imperata cylindrica Beauv.
  52. Daruharidra Berberis aristata D.C.
  53. Devadaru Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) loud
  54. Dhanvayasa Fagonia cretica Linn.
  55. Dhanyaka Coriandrum sativum Linn.
  56. Dhataki Woodfordia fruticosa Kurz.
  57. Dhattura Datura metel Linn
  58. Dhava Anogeissus latifolia Wall.
  59. Draksa Vitis vinifera Linn.
  60. Dronapuspi Leucas cephalotes Spreng.
  61. Dugdhika Euphorbia prostrata W.Ait
  62. Durva Cynodon dactylon Linn. Pers.
  63. Eranda Ricinus communis Linn.
  64. Ervaru Luffa cylindrica
  65. Gambhari Gmelina arborea Linn.
  66. Goksura Tribulus terrestris Linn.
  67. Guduci Tinospora cordifolia (Wild.) Miers.
  68. Guggulu Commiphora wightii
  69. Gunja Abrus precatorius Linn.
  70. Haridra Curcuma longa Linn.
  71. Haritaki Terminalia chebula Retz.
  72. Hingu Ferula foetida Regel
  73. Iksu Saccharum officinarum Linn.
  74. Indravaruni Citrullus colocynthis Schrad.
  75. Isvari Aristolochia indica Linn.
  76. Jaipala Croton tiglium Linn.
  77. Jambu Syzygium cumini (Linn.) Skeels
  78. Jatamansi Nardostachys jatamansi DC.
  79. Jati Jasminum officinale Linn.var. grandiflorum Bailey.
  80. Jatiphala Myristica fragrans Houtt.
  81. Jivaka Microstylis muscifera ridley.
  82. Jivanti Leptadenia reticulata W. & A.
  83. Jyotismati Celastrus paniculatus Willd.
  84. Kadali Musa paradisiaca Linn.
  85. Kadamba Anthocephalus cadamba Miq.A. Rich.
  86. Kakamaci Solanum nigrum Linn.
  87. Kakoli Lilium polyphyllum D. Don.
  88. Kamala Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
  89. Kampilla Mallotus philippinensis Muell Arg.
  90. Kancanara Bauhinia variegata Linn.
  91. Kantakari Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad &Wall
  92. Kapittha Feronia limonia (Linn.) Swingle.
  93. Karamarda Carissa carandas Linn.
  94. Karanja Pongamia pinnata (Linn.) Merr.
  95. Karavellaka Momordica charantia Linn.
  96. Karcura Curcuma zedoaria Ross.
  97. Karkatasrngi Pistacia integerrima Stew. Ex Brandis.
  98. Karpasa Gossypium herbaceum Linn.
  99. Karpura Cinnamonum camphora (Linn.) T. Nees & Eberm.
  100. Kasa Saccharum spontaneum Linn.
  101. Katphala Myrica nagi Thunb.
  102. Katuka Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth
  103. Khadira Acacia catechu Willd.
  104. Kiratatikta Swertia chirata Buch. Ham.
  105. Kokilaksha Asteracantha longifolia Nees
  106. Kosataki Luffa acutangula (Linn.) Roxb.Var. amara C.B. Clarke
  107. Krishna musli Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.
  108. Krishna Jiraka Carum carvi Linn.
  109. Ksira kakoli Fritillaria roylei Hook.
  110. Ksira vidari Ipomoea digitata Linn.
  111. Kulattha Dolichos biflorus Linn
  112. Kumari Aloe barbadensis Mill.
  113. Kumuda Nymphaea alba Linn.
  114. Kunkuma Crocus sativus Linn.
  115. Kusa Desmostachya bipinnata Stapf.
  116. Kusmanda Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) cogn.
  117. Kustha Saussuria lappa CB. Clair
  118. Kutaja Holarrhena antidysenterica Wall.
  119. Laghu dugdhika Euphorbia thymifolia Linn.
  120. Lajjalu Mimosa pudica Linn.
  121. Langali Gloriosa superba Linn.
  122. Lashuna Allium sativum Linn.
  123. Lata karanja Caesalpinia crista Linn.
  124. Latakasturi Hibiscus abelmoschus Linn.
  125. Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum  (Linn. Merr. & L.M. Perry.
  126. Lodhra Symplocos racemosa Roxb.
  127. Madana Randia dumetorum Lamk.
  128. Madayantika Lawsonia inermis Linn.
  129. Madhavi Hiptage benghalensis Kurz.
  130. Madhuka Madhuca india J.F. Gmel.
  131. Madhusnuhi Smilax china Linn.
  132. Mahabala Sida rhombifolia Linn.
  133. Mahameda / meda Polygonatum cirrhifolium Royle
  134. Mahanimba Melia azedarach Linn.
  135. Mandukaparni Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban
  136. Manjistha Rubia cordifolia Linn.
  137. Marica Piper nigrum Linn.
  138. Masa Phaseolus mungo Linn.
  139. Matulunga Citrus medica Linn.
  140. Mayaphala Quercus infectoria Oliv.
  141. Methi Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn.
  142. Misreya Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
  143. Mudga Phaseolus radiatus Linn.
  144. Mulaka Raphanus sativus Linn.
  145. Munditika Sphaeranthus indicus Linn.
  146. Musali Chlorophytum tuberosum Baker.
  147. Musta Cyperus rotundus Linn.
  148. Nagabala Sida veronicaefolia Lam.
  149. Nagakesara Mesua ferrea Linn
  150. Nagavalli Piper betle Linn.
  151. Narikela Cocos nucifera Linn.
  152. Nili Indigofera tinctoria Linn.
  153. Nimba Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
  154. Nimbu Citrus limon (Linn.) Burm.f.
  155. Nirgundi Vitex negundo Linn.
  156. Palasa Butea monosperma (Lam. Kuntze.)
  157. Paribhadra Erythrina indica Lam.
  158. Parpata Fumaria parviflora Lam.
  159. Pasanabheda Bergenia ligulata (Wall.) Engl.
  160. Patala Stereospermum suaveolens DC.
  161. Patha Cissampelos pareira Linn.
  162. Patola Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.
  163. Pattanga Caesalpinia sappan Linn.
  164. Phalgu Ficus hispida Linn. f.
  165. Pilu Salvadora persica Linn.
  166. Pippali Piper longum Linn.
  167. Plaksa Ficus lacor Buch. Ham.
  168. Prapunnada / cakramarda Cassia tora Linn.
  169. Prasarini Paederia foetida Linn.
  170. Priyala Buchanania lanzen Spreng.
  171. Priyangu Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl.
  172. Prsniparni Uraria picta Desv.
  173. Puga Areca catechu Linn.
  174. Puskara Inula racemosa Hook. f.
  175. Rakta candana Pterocarpus santalinus Linn. f.
  176. Rakta punarnava Boerhavia diffusa Linn.
  177. Rasna Pluchea lanceolata Oliver & Hiern.
  178. Riddhi Habenaria intermedia D. Don
  179. Rohitaka Tecomella undulata (G. Don) Seem.
  180. Rsabhaka Microstylis wallichii Lindl.
  181. Rudraksa Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb.
  182. Sahacara Barleria prionitis Linn.
  183. Sahadevi Vernonia cinerea Lees.
  184. Sakhotaka Strebulus asper Lour.
  185. Sala Shorea robusta Gaertn. F.
  186. Salaparni Desmodium gangeticum DC.
  187. Sali Oryza sativa Linn.
  188. Sallaki Boswellia serrata Roxb.
  189. Salmali Salmalia malabarica Schott & Endl.
  190. Sankhapuspi Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy
  191. Saptaparna Alstonia scholaris R.Br.
  192. Sara Saccharum munja Roxb.
  193. Sarala Pinus roxburghii Sargent
  194. Sarsapa Brassica campestris Linn. Var. rapa (Linn.) Hartm.
  195. Satahva Anethus sowa Kurz.
  196. Satapatrika Rosa centifolia Linn.
  197. Satavari Asparagus racemosus Willd.
  198. Sati Hedychium spicatum Ham. ex. Smith.
  199. Sigru Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn.
  200. Simsapa Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.
  201. Sirisha Albizzia lebbeck Benth.
  202. Snuhi Euphorbia neriifolia Linn.
  203. Sthulaila Amomum subulatum Roxb.
  204. Suksmaila Elettaria cardamomum Maton
  205. Sunthi Zingiber officinale Roscoe.
  206. Surana Amorphophallus campanulatus (Roxb.) BL.
  207. Svarnaksiri Euphorbia thomsoniana Boiss.
  208. Svarnapatri Cassia angustifolia Vahl.
  209. Sveta arka Calotropis gigantea (Linn.)R.Br. ex Ait
  210. Sveta candana Santalum album Linn.
  211. Sveta jiraka Cuminum cyminum Linn.
  212. Sveta punarnava Boerhavia verticillata Poir.
  213. Sveta sariva Hemidesmus indicus R.Br.
  214. Syonaka Oroxylum indicum Vnt.
  215. Tagara Valeriana wallichii DC.
  216. Takkola (S.Y.) Illicium verum Hook.f.
  217. Talisa Abies webbiana Lindl.
  218. Tamalaki Phyllanthus niruri Linn.
  219. Tejapatra Cinnamomum tamala Nees & Eberm.
  220. Tejovati Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb.
  221. Tila Sesamum indicum Linn.
  222. Tinisa Ougeinia dalbergioides Benth.
  223. Trapusa Cucumis sativus Linn.
  224. Trayamana Gentiana kurroo Royle.
  225. Trivrt Ipomoea turpethum R.Br.
  226. Tulasi Ocimum sanctum Linn.
  227. Tumbini Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.
  228. Turuska Liquidambar orientalis Miller.
  229. Tuvaraka Hydnocarpus laurifolia (Dennst.) Sleumer
  230. Tvak Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume
  231. Udumbara Ficus racemosa Linn.
  232. Usira Vetiveria zizanioides (Linn.) Nash
  233. Utpala Nymphaea stellata Willd.
  234. Vacha Acorus calamus Linn.
  235. Vamsa Bambusa bambos Druce.
  236. Vanyajiraka Centratherum anthelminticum (Willd.) Kuntze
  237. Varahi Dioscorea bulbifera Linn.
  238. Varuna Crataeva nurvala Buch ham.
  239. Vasa Adhatoda vasica Nees.
  240. Vata Ficus bengalensis Linn.
  241. Vatsanabha Aconitum ferox Wall.ex. Royle
  242. Vidanga Embelia ribes Burm.f.
  243. Vidari Pueraria tuberosa DC.
  244. Vijaya Cannabis sativa Linn.
  245. Visamusti Strychnos nux-vomica
  246. Vrddhadaru Argyreia speciosa Sweet.
  247. Vriddhi Habenaria sp.
  248. Vrksamla Garcinia indica Choisy.
  249. Yasti Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn.
  250. Yava Hordeum vulgare  Linn.
  251. Yavani - Trachyspermum ammi  (Linn)  Sprague
Core Syllabus for Ayurveda Doctor Program


1. Vyakarana (Grammer) - Sanjna, ach-sandhi, hal-sandhi, visarga sandhi, ajanta pumllinga, ajanta streelinga, ajanta napumsakalinga, halant

Pumllinga, halant streelinga, Halant napunsakalinga, prakaran, bhavadi-dashaganah, nyanta-sannanta, yannanta- yanluganta-atmnepada - parasmaipada - bhavakam

Karma-karta, lakartha prakriya, kridanta prakaranta (kriya prakriya), purvakridantam, unadaya, uttar-kridanta, vibhaktyaratha prakaran, samasa prakaran (keival samas, avyayi-bhavah, tatpurush,

Basic Principles - 

History of Ayurveda

  1. Ayurveda Avatarana - Atreya / Dhanwantara Parampara
  2. Samhitha Kala Atreya / Dhanwantari ...etc., (Charaka, Sushrutha, Vagbhata  their Samhbithas)
  3. Pratisamskartha
  4. Sangraha Kala and Vyakyana Kala
  5. Development of Rasa Shastra, and it's importance in Ayurveda
  6. Recent developments in Ayurveda
  7. Comparitive study of Ayurveda withthe following civilizations; Sumaria, Babylonia, Mishra desha, China, Arab, Combodia ......etc.,
  8. Influence of Ayurveda on Hippocrates and vice versa on Ayurveda
  9. Laghutrayees and Bhruhatrayees
  10. Ayurvedic magazines, Journals .......etc.


Doctrines of Philosophy - Padartha Vijana

  1. Definition of Darshana, Origin of doctrine darshanas classification of doctrine and influence of darshana on Indian culture with ref. to Ayurveda.
  2. Darshana accepted by Ayurveda and Padartha definition, quality, number and classification and padartha accepted by Ayurveda.
  3. Dravya Vignana:- Matter and it's definition quality, number, classification...etc. Five basic components of matter and it's quality etc. Definition of basic matters of the creation (Nava dravyas) and their qualities ..etc..
  4. Guna Vignana:- Definition of quality, number, qualities accepted by differentdarshanas classification of qualities and their explanations, and the qualities accepted by Ayurveda(a comparitive study)
  5. Karma Vignana:- Definition, classification of Karma.
  6. Samanya Vignana:- Knowledge of similarities and it's importance in Ayurveda.
  7. Vishesha Vignana:-Knonwledge of speciality and it's importance in Ayurveda.
  8. Samavaya Vignana:- Inseperable concommitence and it's knowledge, and usefulness in Ayurveda.
  9. Abhava and its classification... etc..
  10. Pramanas - definition, quality, classification, Pramanas as accepted by Ayurveda and their references in Ayurveda.
  11. Pratyaksha Pramana:- Direct evidence it's qualities, different methods of percep- tion of knowledge; shape, quality, number of sensory organs and their classification and it's physicalness.
  12. Five Pentads of senses, occupation of sensary organs, classification of pratyaksha, etc., Vedana adistana, Vedana hethu - different machines/ instruments used in the process of obtaining of knowledge through direct evidence.
  13. Other Pramanas which support the pratyakasha and vice versa.
  14. Anumana Inference - it's qualities, classification and Infgerence as accepted by Ayurveda and it's classification and elaborate explanation.
  15. Aptopadesha:- Importance, qualities and it's influence & importance in Ayurveda.
  16. Yukthi Pramana:- It's qualities classification .....etc.,
  17. Upamana Pramana:- Qualities and the Upamana as accepted by Ayurveda. It's usefulness in Ayurveda.
  18. Karya karana vadha and it's importance, relevance, influence and acceptance by Ayurveda.
  19. Theories of Evolution:- and it's acceptance by Ayurveda. Theory of re-birth, and it's acceptance Definition of liberation and it's methods.
  20. Tantra Yukthi Vichara

Basic Concepts

  1. Major divisions of Ayurveda, Definition of dosha, roga, swastha, prakrithi, dhatu and their classifications.
  2. Dravya Prakarana:- Definition, qualities, classification of dravya.
  3. Roga Prakarana: Rogavastha - state of disease. Arogyavasthaa- State of health, their definitions, classifications, doshas, and their relationship.
  4. Chikitsa Prakarana Definition of Chikitsa Classification of Chikitsa Qualities of Physician Qualities of attendant, medicine, patient Classification of Chikitsa; and it's elaborative explanations.
  5. Dosha Vignana: Definition, classifications, qualities, functions etc., treatement aspects
  6. Bheshajaavacharana: Indications, Contra indications of medical management, and bheshaja kala (timings of medication) Shodhana & Shamana Chikitsa....etc. Different types of treatement.

Swastha Vritha -Social & Preventive - Medicine

  1. Personnel hygiene
  2. Ahara Vidhi, Pramana, Pareekshanam, ahara dravyani, etc.
  3. Trayoupastambhas
  4. Vihara
  5. Social Hygiene
  6. Air, environment, water, bhoomi, etc.,
  7. Industrial Hygiene Hygiene at educational institutions
  8. Sankramika rogas
  9. Chikitsalaya bhawanam
  10. Ruthu and Vatavarana jnanam
  11. YOGA, Hatayoga, Relationship between Yoga and Ayurveda, Yama, Niyama, Asana, Yoga and Ahara Vidhi, Pathyapathyam, Pranayama, Nadee shuddi lakshanas, Shat Karmas, Kumbhaka bhedha, Rajayoga, Different types of nadee and bandhas Yoga and Moksha.
  12.  NAISTIKEE CHIKITSA, Practical aspects.
  13.  NATUROPATHY - Nisargopachara, Importance of jala in nisargopachara, Different procedures adopted in nisargopachara, Baashpa Snana, Importance, Upavasa and it's importance, Importance ofVishrama

Rachana Shareeram Anatomy

  1. Definition of Physical body - Shareera and it's components, importance of study of Shareera and it's usefulness in Ayurveda.
  2. Classification of 'Purusha'- the person and other related factors.
  3. Definition of Garbha - the foetus, microscopic structure of garbha, formation of garbha and it's components, principles of inheritence, principles of sex formation, development of foetus, and factors which influence it's development, constitution and classifications, formation of 'Apara'- placenta, etc.
  4. Normal - average lengths and measures of body and it's parts.
  5. Number of bones, structure of bones, classification, and their importance in the field Ayurveda.
  6. Typical structure of Sandhi - Joints and their classification and functions, the importance in the field of surgery and medicine.
  7. Definition of Hrudaya (heart)-Sira (Veins)- Dhamani(arteries) Srotas (channels) and their origin, branches, etc.
  8. Distribution of lymphatics and it's functions.
  9. Classification of mamsa dhatu - muscular tissue, and it's number, shape, places, origin, insertion etc.
  10. Definition of Koshta and Ashaya - the cavities, parts of the koshta, and their names, numbers, different organs situated in thorasic and abdominal civities, digestive system extending from mouth to oesophagus, etc.
  11. Skin, it's structure according to Ayurveda.
  12. Classification of nervous system according to Indian concepts and it's importance in field of medicine.
  13. Definition of Marmas - vital spots, their number, classification, places and it's importance in the field of surgery and 3 major vital points of the body.
  14. Definition of sensory organ - indriyas and their classification.


Kriya Shareeram - Physiology

  1. Explanation of words, shareera-body, kriya- functions, and classification of human body based on Indian Phylosophical aspects and it's importance in treatment.
  2. The Doshas - Humors, Dhatus - the basic body tissues, Malas - the excretory substances and their role in the formation of body and it's functions, Evaluation of doshas, dhatus, malas from the pancha maha bhootas - five basic elements. omparison between the human body and the universe.
  3. Elaborative description of Doshas - definition, shape, quality,functions, places(sthane) classification etc.,
  4. Concepts of food, digestion, metabolism - factors influencing the digestion and metabolism. Different stages of digestion, etc.,
  5. Rasa dhatu (nutrient, portion of food)- the Ist basic body tissue - it's qualities, quantity, functions, location etc.
  6. Formation of raktha dhatu - Blood - the II basic tissue of the body - it's location, formation, functions, it is composition, etc.,
  7. Mamsa dhatu-Muscular tissue, the III basic tissue of the body, it's location,formation, functions etc.,
  8. Medho dhatu - adipose tissue - the 4th basic tissue of the body, it's location, formation, function etc,
  9. Asthi Dhatu - Bone tissue - the 5th Basic tissue of the body, it's location, formation, functions etc.,
  10. Majja dhatu - bone marrow - the 6th basic tissue of the body - it's location,formation, functions, etc.
  11. Shukra dhatu - Semen - the 7th basic tissue of the body - it's location, formation, functions, etc.,
  12. Ojas - the essence of Basic body tissues - it's shape, classification, quantity, functions, locations, it's importance and their role in resisting the diseases.
  13. Concept of Manas and it's place, qualitites, functions and role in sleep and dreams, etc.,
  14. Upadhatus - the sub tissues of the body, and it's number, functions, qualities, etc.
  15. Concept of sensory organs and their number, location, functions, and their method of functioning, etc.,
  16. Concept of motor organs and their location, number, functions, etc.,
  17. Concept of mala, it's number, functions, etc.


1. Definition of 'Anti-position' - it's origin, definition of poison & it's origin, it's classification, functions, etc.,

2. Sources of Vegetable Poisons, sources of Animal poisons

3. Examination of Poison (a) Physical entity - based on it's origin and it's quality. (b) Based on the diseases producted by it's actions.

4. Qualities of donor poison, sources of poisoning Vishadata

5. Examination of poisoned food and it's management

6. Method of identification of poisoned water, poisoned environment, etc.,

7. Definition and number of upavishas, dooshi visha and gara visha, and their explanations

8. Ten qualities of visha and ojas - Differences between ojas and visha

Visha Vegas, their symptoms, and management

General principles of management of poison, and Acharya Charaka's view points

I)  Mantrani                                        XIII) Hrudayavaranam

II) Aristabandanam                            XIV) Nasyam

III) Utkarshnam                                  XV) Anjanam

IV) Nishpeedanam                             XVI) Dhoopaha

V) Chooshanam                                 XVII) Lepaha

VI)Agnihi                                           XVIII)Oushadaha

VII)Parishekam                                  XIX)Pradhamanam

VIII)Avvagahanam                             XX)Prathisaranam

IX)Raktha mokshanam                      XXI) Astapanam

X) Vamanam                                     XXII)Vilepaha

XI) Virechanam                                 XXIII) Mrutasanjeevam

XII) Upadravam

 11.  Signs, and symptoms of 'STAVARA VISHA' and their management

12. Signs, symptoms and management of 'JANGAMA VISHA' poisons of animal origin- a) Snakes b) Scorpion c) Spiders d) Rats e) Wild animals, etc.

13. Signs and symptoms of poisons of mineral origin and their management a) Mercury b) Tin c) Lead d) Arsenic e) Copper, etc.

14. Signs and symptoms of upavishas and their management

15. Method of examination of poisoned food, based on qualities and their management - Virudda ahara sevana - incompatable foods

16. Qualities of the RAJA VAIDYA (King's Physician) and codes and conduct of medical practice.

17. Definition of death, identification of death and it's time.



  1. Definition of Roga -Vyadhi - disease, and it's classifications
  2. Relationship of doshas, dooshyas and malas in the formation of diseases.
  3. Signs and symptoms of increased and decreased doshas, dooshyas, and malas
  4. Treatement stages (Kriya Kalas) and their relationship with doshas, and their comparison with pancha lakshana nidana. Comparison between the Hexagonal and pentagonal approaches in understanding of a disease
  5. Basic body tissues and their contribution in the formation of a disease
  6. Micro channels and their relationship with doshas in the formation of diseases Srothas
  7. Concepts of Genetics, and hereditory aspects in the formation of diseases
  8. Diseases which in turn cause diseases and their etiological and pathalogical concepts Swatantra & Paratavtra vyadhi
  9. Eight Maha rogas
  10. Eight defamed Human physical Personalities (Asta ninditha purusha)
  11. Diseases caused by increased and decreased nutrition (Santarpana and apatarpana janya vikaras)
  12. Diseases caused by viliation of the physiological essence of Basic body Tissues(ojas)
  13. Concept ofAma in formation of diseases and the signs and symptoms manifested when Ama is associated with doshas, dhathus and malas
  14. Concept of communicable diseases and their etio-pathalogy.
  15. Concept of Janapadodwamsa, and their co-relation with other diseases.
  16. Concept of infectious diseases and their etio-pathalogy (Oupasargika rogas.
  17. Concept of prognosis and it's classification
  18. Concepts of complications and death indicating symptoms (arista lakshanas)
  19. Concepts of examination of patient and diseases with reference to Trividha (Three methods of examination) Asta Vidha (eight methods of examination) Dasha vidha (ten methods of examination) pareekshas
  20. Examination of malas, and other substances - Ayurvedic approach.
  21. Concepts of Nanatmaja vyadhis (diseases caused by the viliation of only one dosha) and their number, etc., &Samanyaja Vyadhis
  22. Diseases of prana vaha Srotas
  23. Diseases of Udakawaha srotas
  24. Diseases ofAnnavaha srotas
  25. Diseases ofRasa and rakthavaha Srotas
  26. Diseases of medho vaha, asthivaha and mootra vaha srotas
  27. Diseases of vatha nadeevaha srotas
  28. Diseases of Skin and Mind
  29. Jwara Rakapitta , kasa swara Hidhma Rajayakshma,, Medalifeya, Ali &ara, Grahami Arsa Asmari, Mitraghali, Pramyeha, Pandu, Shopha, Udara, Kushta, Visarpa vale vyadhi vatarakte.



  1. History and origin of Rasa Shastra - alchemy, and their relationship with Rasa Darshana
  2. General definition of words which usually occur in Rasa Shastra for Eg.Madhutrayee Amla Varga, Lavana Panchaka, Panchamrutha, Pancha Gavya,. Ksheeratraya, Dravaka gana, Kajjali, Shodhana, Marana, Mrutaloha, Apunarbhava, Niruttekarana, etc.
  3. Equipments , instruments used in the process of medicinal preparations (Yantras) - Eg. Dolayantra, Damaru Yantra, Swedhana Yantra, Moosha, Kosti, Puta,etc.,
  4. Mercury its definitions, origin, ores of mercury, impurities of mercury(yougika,Naisargika, Kanchuka doshas), acceptable, non-acceptable forms of mercury, it's purificatory methods, viz .: 8 general and 18 special types of purifications etc.,
  5. Mercurial compounds, and their qualities, viz.: Kajjali (black mercury) different varieties of parpati (flakes) (Tamra parpati/Loha parpati/vijaya parpati/etc.) Rasa pushpa, Rasa Karpoora, Rasa Sindoora, Makaradhwaja, and their method of manufacturing, dosage and therepeutic uses.
  6. Maharasas and their number, qualities, availability, identification, process, dosage and therepeutic uses.
  7. SadhjaranaRasa:- number, qualities, availability, identification procedures, dosage, therepeutic uses, purificatory measures like shodhana, marana, etc.,
  8. Uparasas:- number, qualities, availability, identification, dosage, therepeutic uses, purificatory methods like shodhana, marana etc.,
  9. Dhatus and Upadhatus:- number, qualities, availability, identification procedures purificatory methods like shodhana, marana etc., dosage, therepeutic uses.
  10. Rathnas and Uparathnas:- number, qualities, availability, identification procedures, methods of purification and Bio-acceptability, dosage, therepeutic uses
  11. Poisons (Visha), sub poisons (upa visha), their purificatory methods, uses, etc
  12. History and development of ayurvedic pharmaceutics
  13. Concepts ofAyurvedic pharmaceutics and their comparison with contemporary pharmaceutics.
  14. Concepts of scales and measures and different methods of measuring and their comparision with contemporary systems of measuring and their utility and usefulness in Ayurvedic pharmaceutics.
  15. Concepts of extracts viz. whole extracts, aqua extracts, fat soluble extracts, ashes, etc. (kshara)
  16. Concept and preparation of fermented, non-fermenmted aqua extracts, their general qualities, general dosage, etc.
  17. Concept and preparation of oils, fats, (fat soluble/oil soluble extracts) their general qualities, general dosage, their expiry time, etc. Snehapakasvidhu 18. Concepts and preparation of milk extracts, collyriums, ointments, syrups, solid syrup etc.
  18. Concepts and preparation of milk extracts, collyriums, ointments, syrups, solid syrup etc.,
  19. Concepts and preparation of different varieties of puddings, etc.,

DRAVYA GUNA (Pharmacology, pharmaco kinetics and pharmacognosy).

  1. History of 'Dravya Guna', it's development, and it's basic concepts
  2. Introduction to different text books of Ayurvedic Pharmacology- pharmacopia.
  3. Dravyam - the substance also known as 'drug' and it's physical composition, and their classification, and its qualities, etc.,
  4. Guna - the quality, it's definition, classification, etc.,
  5. Rasa - the taste, it's definition, it's object, number, qualities, it's composition influence of seasons on Rasas etc.,
  6. Vipakam: maturing of food'drug in the stomach - it"s definition,properties. classification,actions, Differences between Rasa and Vipaka, etc.,
  7. Veerya: Efficacy of madicine. it's definition, properties, nature, number, functions, etc.
  8. Prabhava: (Extra-ordinary actions) -it's definition, nature and effects, etc. & Vichitrapratyayarabdha
  9. Inter-relationship between basic qualities of the drugs Naisargika bala
  10. Definition, nature, classification of different pharmacological actions and their co-relationship.
  11.  Classification of herbs based on their shape, qualities, actions, species etc., and understanding drugs in different groups viz. Triphala, Trikatu, Pancha Moola, Pancha Valkala, Asta Varga dravyas, dasha moola, etc.,
  12. Concepts of nomelclature of drugs
  13. Impurities of drugs and their purificatory methods and adulteration.
  14. Concept of the drug, the drug and compatability, dose, anupana (vehicle), etc.
  15. Drugs acting on nervous system
  16. Analgesics -Vedana Stapana dravyas Eg.Rasna, Parasika Yavani, Guggulu, Yerenda, Nirgundi, Gandaprasarini, etc.
  17. Anxiolytics - Udvega hara dravyas Eg. Ashwagandha, Shankapushpi, Mandookaparni, Jyotishmathi, etc.,
  18. Drugs acting on cardio - vascular system.
    1. Hrudya - Cardiac tonics Egs.Arjuna, Karpoora, Tamboola, Karaveera, hrutpatri, etc.,
    2. Rakthabara shamaka dravyas - Anti hypertensive drugs Eg. Rudraksha sarpa gandha,etc
    3. Drugs acting on respiratory system
      1. Chedhana dravyas Eg. Taleesa Patra, Lavanga, Twak, Vasa, Vibheetaki, etc.,
      2. Kasahara dravyas Eg. Pippali, Kantakari, Bruhati, Kasamardha, Agastya., etc.,
      3. Swsasa hara dravyas Egs. Pushkara Moola, Dugdika,Sati, etc.,

iv) Kantya dravyas Egs. Malaya Vacha, Hamsapadi.

17. Drugs acting on alimentary canal

i) Deepaneeya dravyas(appetizers) - carminatives Egs. Hingu,Athivisha, Chitraka, Mareecha, JeerakaKrishna Jeeraka

ii) Pachana Dravyas (Digestants) Egs. Mustaka, Parpataka, Dhanyaka, etc.

iii) Vamana dravyas (emetics) Egs. Madhana Phala, Ikshvaku, Dhamargava, etc.

iv) Virechana dravyas (Purgatives and laxatives) Egs. Trivrut, Dantee, Indra Varuna, Devadaru, etc.

v) Arshogna dravyas Egs. Bhallataka, Sooranam, etc.,

vi) Drugs acting on liver and spleen Egs. Daaru haridra, Boonimba, Yerenda, Sarapunkha, Rohitaka

vii) Shoola Prashamana dravyas -(Anti-spasmodics) Egs.Ajamoda, Chandrasura, Dattura, Yavani

viii) Krimigna dravyas Egs. Vidanga, Tulasi, Keetamari, etc.

ix) Ghrahee dravyas Egs. Bilwa, Jateephala, etc.

x) Stambana dravyas Egs. Babbola, Dhataki, Shamee, Avartaki, etc.


18. Drugs acting on reproductive system

i) Shukrajanana dravyas Shatavari, Musali, Kokilaksha, Kapikachchu, Akara Karabha

ii) Herbs acting as garbhashaya shodhaka (which act on uterus) Example. Japa, Kalajaajee, Langali, Karpaga, etc.,

iii) Arthava Janana dravyas Example. Vamsha, Lodhra, Ashoka, Patha, etc.

iv) Herbs acting on breast Example - Pata, Nala, Mallika, Rohisha

Drugs acting on excretory system

a) Mootra Virechaneeya dravyas egs. Punarnava, Gokshura, Kasa, Sara ikasha, etc.,

b) Ashmaree bhedhana dravyas Egs. Pashana bhedha, Varuna, Kulatta, Veerataru, etc.,

c) Mootra sangrahaneeya dravyas Egs. Jamboo, Udumbara, Plaksha, Ashwatta, vta, Ashmanttaka, etc.,

d) Madhu Mehahara dravyas Egs. Beejaka, Bimbee, Karavellaka, Madhunasini, etc.,


20. Jwaragna dravyas Egg. Kriata Tktha, Drona pushpi, Tulasi, Vatsanabhi, Athivisha, Chandana Raktha Chandana, etc.,

21. Rasayana dravyas Egs, Hareetaki, Amalaki, Gudoochi,Ashwagandha, Viruddadaru, Nagabhala, etc.

22. Drugs acting on Haemopotic system Egs, Sariba, Manjsta. Chopcheeni, Phriyangu, Nagakesara

23. Jangama dravyas like Kasturi, Gorochana etc.,



1)Defiinition of the word 'Kaya Chiktsa' - general treatment, its synonyms, classification etc.,

2)Definition of the term ' disease', it's classification and etio-pathalogy, different causitive factors of the     disease and their relationship with doshas.

3)Manifestation of disease with reference to doshas, and their different stages, etc.

4)Resistance power and immunity, it's classification, and scope in the management of diseases.

5)Ama-the undigested chyle and its symptoms and effects when it associates with doshas, dooshyas     and malas

6)Avarana - (encircling) its definition, and it's symptoms, etc.

7)Principles of nomenclature of diseases

8)Concepts of principles of treatments of different diseases, based on their etio- pathogenesity etc.

9)Jwara - the major disease, it's etiology, pathalogy, clinical presentations, classification and principles     of management.

10)Diseases of alimentary canal and their etio-pathalogy along with principles of management.

11)Diseases of Cardio-respiratory system and their etio-pathalogy and principles of management.

12)Diseases of blood, its metabolism, its etio-Pathalogy and principles of management.

13)Diseases of excretory system and their etio-pathalogy and principles of management.

14)Diseases of Rasa Vaha srotas and it's etio-pathalogy and principles of management.

15)Diseases of skin and it's appendages, their etio-pathalogy and principles of management.

16)Diseases of water & it's metabolism, their etio-pathalogy and principles of management. Udakavaha  srotas-like Atisara etc.,

17)Vatha Vyadhi, it's etiology, Pathalogy and management.

18)Maharogas including if vatarakta, it's etiology, Pathalogy and management.

19)Communicate and infections diseases, their Pathology, etiology and principles of Management.

20)Kshudra rogas

21)Concept of manas and it's qualities, function, site, etc.

22)Diseases which occur due to the visiation of "Trigunas'

23)Diseases of Psyche, and it's management.

24)Management of emergency conditions.


PANCHA KARMA AND RAKTAMORSHA (Ayurvedic body purificatory measures)

  1. Introduction, difinition, development of 'Pancha Karma' and its, usefulness in the field of Ayurvedic therepeutics, etc. along with its indications and contra indications.
  2. The Process of Snehana (Oleation therapy) - Introduction, Definition of Snehana, Classification, Different oils and fats used in the process, along with their qualities, dosage, actions, etc. Indications and contra- indications of the process and their management. Importance of this process in Pancha Karma.
  3. SWEDHANA KARMA- SUDATION THERAPY - Introduction,Definition of Snehana, Classification, Different drugs which are used in the process, Procedure of application, Indications, contra indications effects,complications and their management, it's importance in Pancha Karma Mechanism of action, etc.,
  4. Pradhana Karma a) Vamana b) Virechana c) Nasga d) anuvasanavasti e)asthapanavasti Definition, Explanation, Requirements, Process of administration, Indications and contra indications. Complications and their management, effects of Vamana,Virechana, Nasga anuvasana and asthapana bhasthi.
  5. Paschat Karma (Post Pancha Karma regimen) it's importance, rules and regulations of dietics and behavioural aspects complications which occur due to the violation of Paschat Karma, and their management.
  6. Instruments which are used during the administration of Pancha Karma
  7. Minor procedures like gandoosha, Kavala, dhoomapana, etc.,
  8. Raktawqksha - different methods like, Sirabigadhe Jalooka etc.,



1.Anatomical and physiological considerations of human female reproductive system.

2.Ayurvedic concepts in physiology of ' menastruation Defination on set of menarchy menastruation and its different stages, period of ovulation, etc., - Prenatal examinations.

3.Disturbences in menastrual cycle and their etio-pathalogy and management

4.Definition of 'garbha' and its immediate symptoms, procedures to be followed during the period of foetal development, monthly development of foetus, formatio of apara-placenta, their physiological and pathalogical aspects, etc.

5.Definition, explanation, causes, of ' Prasava' - delivery, symptoms of I stage of delivery and management of labour.

6.Labour room, it's accessores, aseptic precautions, etc.

7.Complications in labour and post labour changes and their management, etc

8.Definition of ' Navajatha' (new born), Bala Kumara, Yuva etc. and the management of 'navajatha'

9.Physiology of lactation, examination and selection of lactating mother. Signs and symptoms of pure breast milk and impure breast milk. The diseases caused by visiated breast milk and management.

10.Classification of childhood based on diet, diseases which occur during these periods and their management.

11.Child's room and its decoration and maintenance,articles to be given for a child to play, development and growth of child.

12.Diseases which occur during the period of milk diet. (ksheerada) liquid diets, ksheerannadha (milk liquid + Rice diet solid diet), Annada Kala - (Rice diet more of solids and less of liquids) Dantodhbhawa kala-tooth erupting period, etc.

13.Concepts and Principles of examination of child, and determination of dosage of medicine to be given to the child, etc.

14. Classification of diseases which occur in childhood

15. Management of different diseases which occur during the childhood

16. Concepts and principles of diagnoishing of Bala grahas and their management.


SHALYA AND SHALAKYA TANTRA (Surgery, E.N.T. Opthalmalogy and other diseases which occur above the clavicle)
Shalya Tantra

1. Origin, development of Shalya tantra - Surgical branch of Ayurveda, it's importance among the 8 branches of Ayurveda (Astanga Ayurveda)

2. Reasons for decline of Ayurvedeeya Shalya tantra (Surgical aspects in Ayurveda) and plans for it's revival.

3. Dhanwantari- the god of Ayurveda (Surgery) his time and knowledge about him. Acharya Sushrutha, the Father ofSurgery, his time and his works, the commentators of Sushrutha Samhitha, and contemporary works of Acharya Sushrutha.

4. Classificationof diseases based on Nija, agantuja, Sadhya and asadhyas Bhedas.

5. Vrana Shotha - inflamation. It's definition, caustative factors, Patho Physiology, varieties, signs and symptoms, different stages of vrana Shotha, and the complications.

6.Vidradhi definition, causative factors, Patho physiology, varieties, signs and symptoms, different stages of the disease, complications.

7. Management of Vrana Shotha and Vidradhi Saptha upakramas - seven types of treatement (Management) Shasti upakramas - 60 types of management Symptomatic Management.

8. Definition of Vrana, causitive factors, classifications, signs and symptoms, complications, different stages, and management

9. Examination of Vrana - the wound/ulcer, and Vrana shotha-inflamation
Sthana - location of wound
Akruthi - Shape of wound
Varna - Colour
Gandha - Smelll of wound (odour)
Shrava - Secretions
Vedana - Pain
Vranadhistana - Sites of the wound, etc.

10. Nadee Vrana - fistula - it's definition, causitive factors, classification, signs and symptoms, management.

11. Agantuja Vranas also called as sadhyo Vrana - Definition, classification, Signs and Symptoms, Complications and management

12. Kotha - gangrene

13. Raktha Shrava - hemorrhage - Causitive factors, Pathophysiology, Signs and symptoms,general management, specific management, etc.

14. Dagda Vrana (Burns) - definition, classification, signs and symptoms, management, etc.

15. Yantras and Shastras (surgical instruments) -(blunt and sharp)- concepts, number, nomelclature, classification, shapes, etc.

16. Shastra dhara payanam (method of sharpening of sharp instruments)

17. Shastra Kosha - Surgical tool box (or kit) it's maintenance, it'sdefects and qualities.

18. Drugs and substances used during the management of surgery (pichu-etc.)

19. Yogyavidhi

20. Vishisthavidhi

21. Shalya nirharana Vidhi - extraction of shalva (a foreign substance)

22. Shastra Karma - operative procedures a. Poorva Karma b. Pradhana Karma - Asta Vidha shastra karmani c. Paschat Karma - bandhana vidhi, Raksha karma, Vranitopasana Pathyapathya

23. Minor procedures

24. Different diseases and their surgical management

25. Bone fracture (Bhgna) Different types their management.

Shalakya Tantra

  • Definition, Introduction, history of shalakya tantra -Ayurvedic study of opthalmo, oto, laryngeo and rhinological aspects
Anatomical and physiological concepts of eye
  1. Classification of eye diseases, their number, their common causes, pro dromal symptoms, clinical features and general management.
  2. Sandhi ghatha roga, their number, their causes, symptoms and management
  3. Vartma Ghatha rogas, their number, their causitive factors, symptoms and management.
  4. Shukla ghatha rogas - their number, causitive factors symptoms and treatment.
  5. Krishna ghatha rogas - their number, causitive factors, symptoms and management
  6. Sarva ghatha rogas - their number, causitive factors, symptoms, and management
  7. Dristi ghatha rogas -their number, causitive factors,symptoms, and management
  8. Diseases which occur due to abhighata (accidents) Kuposhanaml-nutrition,etc.
  9. Special procedures adopted for the management of eye diseases
  10. Concepts of anatomy and physiology of ear, and diseases of ear, their number classification, signs and symptoms, management, etc.,
  11. Anatomical and physiological concepts of nose, and diseases of nose their number, symptoms, management, etc.(including nasya karma)
  12. Importance of shiras, and diseases of shiras, their number, symptoms, management, etc. (including iro bhasthi)
  13. Diseases of oral cavity, their number, symptoms and management
  14. Diseases of lips (osta) their number, symptoms and management
  15. Diseases of tooth (Danta Ghata rogas) their number, symptoms, treatment and preventive concepts
  16. Diseases of tooth roots (Danta moola ghata rogas) their number, symptoms and management.
  17. Diseases of Tongue (Jihwa ghata rogas) their number, symptoms and management
  18. Diseases of palate (Talu ghata rogas) their number, symptoms and management
  19. Diseases of throat (kanta ghata rogas), their number symptoms and management
  20. Concepts of mukha paka (Stomatitis) it's number, symptoms and management
  21. Concepts of plastic surgery with reference to harelip,Rhinoplasty, etc.,
  22. Procedures adopted during the management of siro rogas, etc. for example
    1. Sweda

b.   Kavala

c.   Gandoosha

    1. Dhooma
    2. Raktamokshana



  1. Introduction, definition, explanation, synonyms, classifications, and effects of Rasayana - rejenuvation
  2. Ayurvedic concepts of effects of age and stress on human life
  3. Indications, contra indications, and effects of Rasayana therapy as In-Patient (Kuti praveshika Rasayana), and its procedure of administration, requirements, complication and their management.
  4. Indications, contra indications, effect. Procedure of administration, dosage schedule, different formulae available, etc. of vata atapikaras ayana.
  5. Codes and conduct of behaviour adaptation as Achara Rasayana.


  1. Introduction - definition, explanation, history and synonyms of vajeekarara aphrodisiacs
  2. Diseases of semen, their causes, and their management
  3. Importance of vajeekarana in human life
  4. Indications, contra indications, and effects of different formulae useful as aphrodisiacs
  5. Concept of manas, and 'women' in the field of aphrodisiacs
  6. Concepts of diet and recipes which can be used as aphrodisiacs
  7. Single herbs used for Vajeekarana .