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International Accreditation Authority
International Accreditation Authority

Title

International Accreditation Authority

Certified Ayurvedic Herbalist (CAH)

International University of Yoga and Ayurveda is working to establish an Ayurvedic Hebalist Certification Program (Dravya Guna Shastra) as a 1000-hour training program around the world in countries where Ayurveda is not yet licensed.


This training program is based on the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) Benchmarks for training in traditional / complementary and alternative medicine: benchmarks for training in Ayurveda & Government of India, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Department of Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH), New Delhi, India. (Reference Number: D.O. NO. 480 /Adviser (Ayurveda) / 2009, May 1st, 2009), and is approved by Association of Ayurvedic Professionals of North America (AAPNA), Inc.


Syllabus: (According to Central Council of Indian Medicine, AYUSH, Government of India)


1. Dravyaguna Shastra Paribhasha - Lakshana of Sapta Padartha of Dravyaguna Vijnana viz Dravya- Rasa-Guna- Virya- Vipaka- Prabhava and Karma. 


2. Dravya: Etymological derivation, definition, panchbhoutikatwa. Classification of Dravya according to Samhitas and Nighantus Taxonomical classification. 


3. Guna: Etymological derivation, definition and Classification of Guna. Detailed knowledge of Gurvadi Guna & Paradi gunas. 


4- Rasa: Etymological derivation, definition, Meaning of “Rasa” in various contexts. Shad Rasas (Madhura, Amla, Lavana, Katu, Tikta, and Kashaya), Panchabhautik constitution of Rasas, Nirvrittiviseshakrama (manifestation in general and particular), Ritu and shad rasa Rasanurasayoh bheda (Difference between rasa and anurasa), Lakshana (characteristics),Guna and Karma of shad Rasas, Kopana and Shamana of Dosha and dushya by Shad rasas. Effects of excess usage of Rasa. Rasopalabdhi, Rasaskandha. 


5. Vipaka: Etymological derivation and definition, difference between Avasthapaka and Vipaka, Types of Vipaka, (Dvividha-Trividha,Panchavidha) Guna and karma of Vipaka. Grades of Vipaka (taratamya), Vipakopalabdhi hetu (Factors to determineVipaka). 6- Veerya: Etymological derivation, definition and Swarupa of Virya, Number of Virya. (Dwividha & Ashtavidha), Panchabhauthikatva Virya karmani (Effects of Virya), General principles in determination of virya along with exceptions.


6. Veerya: Etymological derivation, definition and Swarupa of Virya, Number of Virya. (Dwividha & Ashtavidha), Panchabhauthikatva Virya karmani (Effects of Virya), General principles in determination of virya along with exceptions. 


7. Prabhava: Definition, Effects of Prabhava. 


8. Interrelation of Rasa-Guna-Virya-Vipaka-Prabhava with respect to their strength (balabal nirupana). Samanapratyayarabdha and Vichitrapratyayarabdha dravyas. 


9. Karma: Lakshana, swaroopa and bheda of karma (Definition, nature and types of action). Explanation of the following Karmas with examples: 

1. Deepana 

2. Pachana 

3. Samshodhana 

4. Samshamana 

5. Anulomana 

6. Sransana 

7. Bhedana 

8. Rechana 

9. Chhedana 

10. Lekhana 

11. Grahi 

12. Sthambhana 

13. Madakari 

14. Pramathi 

15. Abhishyandi 

16. Vyavayi 

17. Vikashi 

18. Rasayana 

19. Vajeekarana 

20. Jeevaneeya 

21. Balya 

22. Brimhana 

23. Langhana 

24. Medhya 


10. Brief information on Karmas of dashemani gana of Charak Samhita. 


11. Mishraka Gana (Combination of groups)


11a)- Audbhida Gana (Vegetable origin) 

Brihatpanchamoola

Laghupanchamoola

Vallipanchamoola

Kantakapanchamoola

Trinapanchamoola

Madhyamapanchamoola

Jeevaneeya panchamoola

Panchapallava

Panchavalakala,

Triphala

Trikatu

Trimada

Chaturusana

Panchakola

Shadusana

Chaturbeeja

Jeevaniya gana

Ashtavarga

Trijataka

Chaturajataka

Katuchaturjataka Panchatikta

Amlapanchaka

Chaturbhadra

Trikarshika

Swalpatriphala

Madhuratriphala

Mahavisha

Upavisha

Agrya aushadh varga- Knowledge of Agrayaaushadha Varga with example


11 b)- Jangama Gana (Animal origin)

Ksheerashtaka

Mutrashtaka

Pitta panchaka. 


11 c)- Parthiva Gana (Mineral origin) 

Lavana Panchaka

Kshara dvaya

Kshara Ashtaka. 


12- Basis of nomenclature: Basis of nomenclature of dravya, Basis and Derivation of synonyms. 


13. Bheashaja Pariksha vidhi (as described in Charaka samhita vimana sthana 8)

  1. Dravya Sangrahana (collection of dravya)- Ecology
  2. Classification of desha (geographical area) and bhumi (soil)
  3. Swarupa of sangrahaniya dravya of (Nature and quality of herbs to be collected)
  4. Sangrahana vidhi (Method of collection) -Vegetable and Animal origin drugs according to part used
  5. Period of collection according to virya, samrakshana vidhi (preservation of collected dravyas), bheshajagara (Storehouse)
  6. Study on different prayojyanga (useful plant parts)


14 a) Concept of dravya shodhan (purification of dravya) 


14 b) Brief knowledge of Apamishran (adulterants) 


14 c) Concept of Abhava pratinidhi dravya (substitutes) 


15- Prashasta bheshaja (ideal drug), plant extracts. Concept of viruddha Dravya (incompatibility of the dravya). 


16- Introduction to Nighantu Vigyan - Dhanwantari Nighantu, Bhavaprakashanighantu, Rajanighantu. 


17- Brief knowledge of cultivation, conservation of medicinal plants and information about endangered species. 


18. - Introduction, Definition & scope of Pharmacology and Principles of general Pharmacology. 

Brief Knowledge about pharmacology of the following - 

  1. Anesthetics
  2. CNS depressants
  3. Sedatives
  4. Hypnotics
  5. Tranquilizers
  6. Antipyretics
  7. Analgesics
  8. Anti-epileptics
  9. Anti-hypertensive
  10. Anti-anginal
  11. Anti platelet
  12. Hypo-lipidaemic
  13. Haemopoetic
  14. Coagulants
  15. Broncho-dialators
  16. Aerosols/ Inhalants
  17. Expectorants
  18. Digestants
  19. Carminatives
  20. Antacids
  21. Anti-ulcer
  22. Laxatives
  23. Antidiarrhoeals
  24. Antiemetic
  25. Hepatoprotective
  26. Diuretic
  27. Anti diuretic
  28. Lithotriptic
  29. Antiinflammatory
  30. Hormonal therapy
  31. Anti obesity
  32. Anti diabetic
  33. Antithyroid
  34. Oxytocic
  35. Galactagogues
  36. Contraceptives
  37. Styptics
  38. Antihistamines
  39. Antimicrobial
  40. Antibiotics
  41. Antimalarial
  42. Amoebicidal
  43. Antifilarial
  44. Anthelmentic
  45. Antifungal
  46. Vitamins
  47. Minerals
  48. Water imbalance and IV fluids
  49. Vaccines
  50. Antivenom
  51. Antirabbies serum
  52. Local anti septics
  53. Drugs in ophthalmic practice
  54. Anti cancer drugs 
  55. Immunomodulators


19. Detailed Knowledge of Following Dravya – 

Detailed knowledge of following herbs with respect to Basonym of drug, Main Synonyms, Regional Name, Botanical Name, Family, Classification of Dravya (Gana) as described in Charak and Sushrut, External morphology, Useful parts, Important phyto-constituents, Rasa panchaka, Action on Dosha, Dhatu, Mala, Prayogarha vyadhi (therapeutic indications), Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic administration and Dose), Vishishta yoga (names of important formulations), Vishakta Lakshan (adverse effects), Chikitsopachara (remedial measures) and Shodhana (as required) 

  1. Agaru 
  2. Guggulu 
  3. Pashanabheda 
  4. Agnimantha 
  5. Haridradvaya 
  6. Patala 
  7. Agnimantha 
  8. Haritaki 
  9. Pippali
  10. Pippalimula 
  11. Ahiphena 
  12. Hingu 
  13. Prishniparni 
  14. Amalaki 
  15. Jambu 
  16. Punarnava 
  17. Apamarga 
  18. Jatamansi 
  19. Pushkarmoola 
  20. Aragvadha 
  21. Jatiphal 
  22. Rasna 
  23. Aragvadha 
  24. Jeerakadvaya 
  25. Rasona 
  26. Ardraka
  27. Sunti 
  28. Jyotishmati 
  29. Rohitaka 
  30. Arjuna 
  31. Kalamegha 
  32. Saireyaka 
  33. Arjuna 
  34. Kampillaka 
  35. Sarivadvaya 
  36. Arkadvaya 
  37. Kanchanara 
  38. Sarpagandha 
  39. Ashvagandha 
  40. Kantakari 
  41. Shalaparni 
  42. Asoka 
  43. Kapikacchu 
  44. Shallaki 
  45. Ativisha 
  46. Karkatakshringi 
  47. Shalmali 
  48. Bakuchi 
  49. Karpura 
  50. Shankhapushpi 
  51. Baladvayam
  52. Katuki 
  53. Shatavari 
  54. Bhallataka 
  55. Khadira 
  56. Shigru 
  57. Bharangi 
  58. Kiratatikta 
  59. Shirisha 
  60. Bhrungaraj 
  61. Kumari 
  62. Shyonaka 
  63. Bibhitaka 
  64. Kumkum 
  65. Kesara 
  66. Talisa Patra 
  67. Bijak/ Vijaysar 
  68. Kupilu 
  69. Tila 
  70. Bilva 
  71. Kushta 
  72. Trivrut 
  73. Brahmi 
  74. Kutaja 
  75. Tulasi 
  76. Bruhati 
  77. Lavanga 
  78. Tvak 
  79. Chandanadvaya
  80. Lodhra 
  81. Ushira 
  82. Chitraka 
  83. Madanaphala 
  84. Vacha 
  85. Dadima 
  86. Mandukaparni
  87. Varahi 
  88. Devadaru 
  89. Manjishtha 
  90. Dhataki 
  91. Maricha 
  92. Varuna 
  93. Durva 
  94. Musta 
  95. Vasa 
  96. Eladvayam 
  97. Nagakeshara 
  98. Vatsanabha 
  99. Eranda 
  100. Nimba 
  101. Vidanga 
  102. Gambhari 
  103. Nirgundi 
  104. Vidari 
  105. Gokshura 
  106. Palasha 
  107. Yastimadhu 
  108. Guduchi 
  109. Parpata 
  110. Yavani 


20. Brief Knowledge of following dravyas  (herbs) with relations to Sanskrit Name, Botanical Name, Family, Habit (Samanya Swarupa), Parts Used and Indications. 

  1. Agastya 
  2. Jati 
  3. Palandu 
  4. Ajamoda 
  5. Jayapala 
  6. Parasika 
  7. Yavani 
  8. Akarkarabh 
  9. Jeevanti 
  10. Parijata 
  11. Amlavetasa 
  12. Kadali
  13. Parisha 
  14. Amra 
  15. Kadamba 
  16. Parnabija 
  17. Amragandhiharidra 
  18. Kaidarya Parnayavani 
  19. Ankola 
  20. Kakamachi 
  21. Parpataka 
  22. Aparajita 
  23. Kamala 
  24. Parushaka 
  25. Ashvagol 
  26. Kankola 
  27. Patalagarudi 
  28. Ashvattha 
  29. Karanja 
  30. Patha 
  31. Asthishrunkhala 
  32. Karavellaka 
  33. Patola 
  34. Atasi 
  35. Karavira 
  36. Patranga 
  37. Avartaki 
  38. Karira 
  39. Pilu 
  40. Avartani 
  41. Karpasa 
  42. Plaksha 
  43. Babbula 
  44. Kasamarda 
  45. Prasarani 
  46. Badara 
  47. Kasha 
  48. Priyala 
  49. Bakula 
  50. Kasni 
  51. Priyangu 
  52. Bhumyamalki 
  53. Kataka 
  54. Puga 
  55. Bijapoora 
  56. Katphala 
  57. Putiha 
  58. Bola 
  59. Kebuka 
  60. Putranjivaka 
  61. Chakramarda 
  62. Kharjur
  63. Rajika/Sarshapa 
  64. Champaka 
  65. Kitmari 
  66. Rohitak
  67. Chandrashura 
  68. Kokilaksha 
  69. Saptachakra 
  70. Changeri 
  71. Koshataki 
  72. Saptaparna 
  73. Chavya 
  74. Kulatha 
  75. Saral 
  76. Chirbilva 
  77. Kumuda 
  78. Sarja 
  79. Chopachini 
  80. Kush
  81. Shala 
  82. Danti 
  83. Kusmanda 
  84. Shara 
  85. Darbha 
  86. Lajjalu 
  87. Sharapunkha 
  88. Dattura 
  89. Langali 
  90. Shatahwa 
  91. Dhanvayasa 
  92. Latakaranja 
  93. Shat
  94. Dhanyaka 
  95. Latakasturi 
  96. Snuhi 
  97. Draksha 
  98. Madayantika 
  99. Sringataka 
  100. Dronapushpi 
  101. Mahanimba 
  102. Svarnakshiri 
  103. Gandhaprasarini 
  104. Mandukaparni 
  105. Tagara 
  106. Garjara 
  107. Markandika 
  108. Tailaparni 
  109. Gojihva, 
  110. Masha 
  111. Talmuli 
  112. Gorakshaganja 
  113. Mashaparni 
  114. Taruni 
  115. Gunja 
  116. Matulunga 
  117. Tavakshira 
  118. Hinsapa 
  119. Mayaphala 
  120. Teja Patra 
  121. Hinstra 
  122. Meshashrungi 
  123. Tuvaraka 
  124. Hribera 
  125. Methika 
  126. Udumbara 
  127. Hrutpatri 
  128. Mudgaparni 
  129. Urana 
  130. Ikshu 
  131. Mulaka 
  132. Vamsha 
  133. Indravaruni 
  134. Murva 
  135. Vata 
  136. Ingudi 
  137. Nagabala 
  138. Vatada 
  139. Irimeda 
  140. Nala 
  141. Vrudhadaru 
  142. Ishvaku 
  143. Narikela 
  144. Vrukshamla 
  145. Isvari 
  146. Nili 
  147. Japa 
  148. Padmaka 


21. Introduction, Guna, Karma and Uses of following Jantava Dravya (Drugs of Animal Origin). 

1. Kasturi - Deer musk

2. Gorochana - Bile of cow 

3. Mrigasringa - Deer antlers


22. Introductory Knowledge of Following Annapana Varga: 

1. Jala Varga - water varieties

2. Dugdha Varga - milk varieties

3. Madhu Varga - honey varieties

4. Taila Varga - oil varieties

5. Sukadhanya Varga - rice, wheat, corn varieties

6. Shamidhanya Varga - Legumes and pulses varieties

7. Phala Varga - fruit varieties

8. Shaka Varga - vegetable varieties

9. Mamsa Varga - meats varieties

10. Aharayogi - various types of food preparations


PRACTICALS 

1. A. Study of Macroscopic, Microscopic characters and Demonstration of organoleptic charcteristics and grahya-agrahyatva of following plants and their useful parts. 

i. Kanda (stem) - Guduchi or Ashtishrinkhala 

ii. Patra (leaves) - Vasa or Kumari 

iii.Pushpa (flower and Parts of flower)- Dhataki or Japa 

iv.Phala (fruit) – Maricha or Madanaphala or Vidanga 

v. Beeja (seeds) – Eranda or Kapikacchhu 

vi.Twak (bark) – Kutaja or Arjuna or Ashwattha 

vii. Moola(Root)- Punarnava or Chitraka 

viii. Niryasa (exudate) – Guggulu or Mocharasa 

ix. Jangama dravya - Madhu or Ghrita. 


2. Records of Herbarium sheets of 50 medicinal plants Compulsory study tour other state/s for field knowledge and procurement of plant species.


PRACTICAL MARKS DIVISION 

1 Herbarium                                                                                    20 Marks 

2 Practical record                                                                            20 Marks 

3 Drug identification- spotting –Raw/crude herbs                          30 marks 

4 Plant identification spotting –fresh                                              30 marks 

5 Practical                                                                                      40 marks 

6. Viva-Voce                                                                                  60 Marks 

Total                                                                                             200 marks


Reference Books


1. Abhinav Buti Darpan (Vol.1-2) - Vd. Roop Lal Vaishya 

2. Aushadna Vigyna Shastra - Acharya Pt. Vishvanatha Dwidevi 

3. Ayurvediya Aushadnkarma vigyana - Acharya V.J. Thakur 

4. Bedi Vanaspati Kosha - Prof. Ramesh Bedi 

5. Bhaishajyaguna Vigyana - Dr. Alakhnarayan Singh 

6. Bhav Prakash Nigantu (English) - Shreekanthamurti 

7. Bhav Prakash Nighantu - With Vd. Krishna Chandra Chunekar commentary 

8. Bhrinad dravyagunadarsha - Mahendra Kumar Shastri 

9. Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 

10. Controversial Medicinal Plants - Vd. G. Bapa Lal 

11. Dalhana Ka Dravyaguna Shastra Ke Kshetra Me Yogadana - Vd. Shiv Kumar Vyas 

12. Dravyaguna Kosha - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 

13. Dravyaguna Sutram - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 

14. Dravyaguna Vigyana - Dr. Gyanendra Pandey 

15. Dravyaguna Vigyana(Vol. 1-2) - Acharya Yadavji Tikram Ji 

16. Dravyaguna Vijyana - Dr. V.M. Gogate 

17. Dravyaguna Vigyana (Vol. 1-5) - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 

18. Dravyaguna Shastrum - Vaidya G.A. Phadake 

19. Dravyaguna Vijyana - Dr. A.P. Deshpande 

20. Dravyagunavijnana basic Principles - Prof.D.S.Lucas 

21. Forgotten Healers (Indian Medicinal Plants) - Dr. Prakash Pranjape 

22. Glossry of Vegetable Drugs in Bhrittrayis - Thakur Balwant Singh & Vd. Krishna Chandra Chunekar 

23. Introduction to Dravyaguna - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 

24. Kriyatamka Aushadi Parichaya - Acharya Pt. Vishvanath Dwidevi 

25. Materia Medica - Acharya Ghosh 

26. Nighantu Adarsh (Vol. 1-2) - Vd. Bapa Lal 

27. Pharmacological basis of Medical Practice - Goodman & Gillman 

28. Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics - Satoskar Bhandarkar & Ainapure 

29. Prayogatamaka Dravyaguna Vigyana - Dr. Maya Ram Uniyal 

30. Priya nighantu - Acharya Priyavrata Sharma 

31. Raspanchaka/Dravyaguna Siddhanta - Prof. Shivcharan Dhyani 

32. System of Plant Nomenclature in Ayurveda - Dr. Gyanendra Panday 

33. Text Book of Pharmacognosy - Trees & Valis 

34. Textbook of Dravyaguna - Dr.K.Nishteswar 

35. Unani Dravyaguna Vigyana - Hakim Daljeet Singh 

36. Useful parts of Charaka, Sushurut, and Vagbhata

37. Uttarakand Ki Vanaspatiya - Dr. Gyanendra Pandey 

38. Vanoaushadi Darshika - Thakur Balwant Singh 

39. Vanoaushadi Nidarshika - Dr. Ram Sushil Singh 

40. Vedic Vanaspatiyan - Dr. Dinesh Chandra Sharma